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Active Parenting Research Studies

Do you need scientific research to back up a grant proposal or to provide evidence of effectiveness to other third parties? Active Parenting programs have an evidence base of over thirty years showing positive changes in both parents and children. As new studies and evaluations come to our attention, we will continue to add to this research base and post findings here.


Over 30 Years of Evidence: Active Parenting Works!

Summary
Read and download our summary of 19 studies that span more than 30 years of Active Parenting history and provide strong scientific evidence of the efficacy of the Active Parenting model.

Abstracts
Click here to read abstracts of all the studies in the Active Parenting evidence base.


2006 Field Study Results
We have completed an extensive national field study of Active Parenting and Active Parenting of Teens that provides evidence of effectiveness for these research-based programs.

Research Categorized by Program

Because of the similarities among Active Parenting programs—they are derived from the same original program (The Active Parenting Discussion Program, Popkin, 1983), use the same theoretical model, teach similar parenting skills, include specific TAOD, sexuality, and violence prevention information and training, and use a six-session video-based delivery system—research results showing evidence of effectiveness with one of the programs lends support for the other programs as well.

Click on a program name to see the research available for that program, or scroll down to see all research.

1234 Parents! / 1234 Padres!
Active Parenting: First Five Years

Active Parenting 4th Edition

Also see research for earlier editions of this program:
Active Parenting Now
Active Parenting Today
Active Parenting Discussion Program

Active Parenting of Teens / Paternidad Activa de Adolescentes
Cooperative Parenting and Divorce
Families in Action
Free the Horses
Padres Activos de Hoy
Parents on Board


1,2,3,4 Parents! / 1,2,3,4 Padres!

 

Active Parenting: First Five Years

First Five Years is a new program and the national field testing is still underway. There are a number of ways that First Five Years currently qualifies as a research-based program:

  1. It is the revision of the 1,2,3,4 Parents! program that showed significant positive outcomes in a study by Donna G Knauth, Ph.D., RNC of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey College of Nursing: “The Effect of a Family-of-Origin Genogram and Parenting Intervention on Adolescent Mothers' Level of Differentiation of Self and Parenting Attitudes.” (Click for the abstract.)
  2. Like 1,2,3,4 Parents!, First Five Years is based on the Active Parenting family of programs and uses the Active Parenting model. There are over 20 studies showing evidence of effectiveness for these programs and listings on NREPP and other lists of evidence-based programs.
  3. Active Parenting author Dr. Michael Popkin teamed with three experts in child development at Oklahoma State University in developing First Five Years to make sure that the latest research in child development and safety were included in the program
  4. "Super Parents: Preliminary Findings of a Group-Based Parenting Intervention (Currently under Review at the Journal of Extension)" (Jespersen et al.)
    This study utilized an earlier edition of FFY called 1,2,3,4, Parents!, and added the addition of brain building activities and mindfulness training that became part of the expanded and revised edition renamed Active Parenting: Frist Five Years. Results of t-test comparisons of pre- and post-test measures showed significant increases in positive parenting attitudes, parenting efficacy, parent mindfulness, and child prosocial behavior; and significant decreases in child conduct problems and hyperactivity. A marginal decrease in parent perceived stress was also evident. Click here to view the article.

Participate in the National Research Study
on the new First Five Years program!

In 2018 we are conducting first national study on the effectiveness of this groundbreaking program. By participating, you will adding to the adding to the scientific base of parenting education. Incentives include free Parent's Guides, APP store credit, and Amazon gift cards. You will also be able to use your individual survey results for your own program evaluation, and we will send you a copy of the overall field test results. For more information, click here to learn about the national research study.


Active Parenting 4th Edition
Also see research for earlier editions of this program:
Active Parenting Now, Active Parenting Today and Active Parenting Discussion Group.

 
  • This program was included in SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP) as a Legacy program. Click for the report.


Active Parenting Now
Also see research for other editions of this program:
Active Parenting Today and Active Parenting Discussion Group.

 


Active Parenting Today
Also see research for earlier editions of this program:
Active Parenting Now and Active Parenting Discussion Group.

 


Active Parenting Discussion Program
Also see research for other editions of this program:
Active Parenting Today and Active Parenting Now.

 


Active Parenting of Teens / Paternidad Activa de Adolescentes

 


 

Cooperative Parenting and Divorce

 


Active Parenting of Teens: Families in Action

Research on Families in Action has been published in two academic journals:

Implementation and Impact of a Family-Based Substance Abuse Prevention Program in Rural Communities - The Journal of Primary Prevention
Evaluation of a Family-Based Substance Abuse Prevention Program Targeted for the Middle School Years - The Journal of Drug Education

NREPP: SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices
This program was included in SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP) as a legacy program. Click for details.
 

 

Listed in the OJJDP's Model Programs Guide (MPG)
Families in Action is listed in the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Model Programs Guide (MPG). Click here for details (the easiest way to find it is to click on "Alphabetical List").

Listed in CrimeSolutions.gov
The Office of Justice Programs’ CrimeSolutions.gov uses rigorous research to determine what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services. Active Parenting of Teens: Families in Action is listed. Click here for details.

Listed in CEBC
Listed in California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare (CEBC)

 

Quality Assurance Protocol available for your program
The Quality Assurance Protocol is a 40-page document containing the same instructions and handouts used when doing research on the Families in Action program. If you need to do research, or to run your program in strict compliance with the protocol, this packet is for you. Click here to download.

 


 

Free the Horses

 


Padres Activos de Hoy

 


Parents on Board