Active Parenting Research Studies

Do you need academic research to back up your grant proposal? Many Active Parenting programs have been selected for study by academics and other professionals. The results of those studies are available here.

Over 35 Years of Evidence: Active Parenting Works!

Summary

Read and download our summary of 19 studies that span more than 30 years of Active Parenting history and provide strong scientific evidence of the efficacy of the Active Parenting model.

Abstracts

Click here to read abstracts of all the studies in the Active Parenting evidence base.

2006 Field Study Results

We have completed an extensive national field study of Active Parenting and Active Parenting of Teens providing evidence of effectiveness for these research-based programs.

Research Categorized by Program

Because of the similarities among Active Parenting programs—they are derived from the same original program (The Active Parenting Discussion Program, Popkin, 1983), use the same theoretical model, teach similar parenting skills, include specific tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs (TAOD), sexuality, and violence prevention information and training, and use a six-session video-based delivery system—research results showing evidence of effectiveness with one of the programs lends support for the other programs as well.

Click on a program name to see the research available for that program, or scroll down to see all research.

Active Parenting: First Five Years

First Five Years is a new program and the national field testing is still under way. There are a number of ways that First Five Years currently qualifies as a research-based program:

  1. It is the revision of the 1, 2, 3, 4 Parents! program that showed significant positive outcomes in a study by Donna G Knauth, Ph.D., RNC, of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey College of Nursing: “The Effect of a Family-of-Origin Genogram and Parenting Intervention on Adolescent Mothers’ Level of Differentiation of Self and Parenting Attitudes.” (Click for the abstract.)
  2. Like 1, 2, 3, 4 Parents!, First Five Years is based on the Active Parenting family of programs and uses the Active Parenting model. There are more than 20 studies showing evidence of effectiveness for these programs and listings on the National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) and other lists of evidence-based programs
  3. Active Parenting author Dr. Michael Popkin teamed with three experts in child development at Oklahoma State University in developing First Five Years to make sure that the latest research in child development and safety was included in the program
  4.  “Super Parents: Preliminary Findings of a Group-Based Parenting Intervention (Currently under Review at the Journal of Extension)” (Jespersen et al.)
    This study utilized an earlier edition of FFY called 1,2,3,4, Parents!, and added the addition of brain building activities and mindfulness training that became part of the expanded and revised edition renamed Active Parenting: Frist Five Years. Results of t-test comparisons of pre- and post-test measures showed significant increases in positive parenting attitudes, parenting efficacy, parent mindfulness, and child prosocial behavior; and significant decreases in child conduct problems and hyperactivity. A marginal decrease in parent perceived stress was also evident. See full article 

Active Parenting 4th Edition

Also see research for earlier editions of this program: Active Parenting Now, Active Parenting Today and Active Parenting Discussion Group.

  • Listed in California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare (CEBC)
  • This program was included in SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP) as a Legacy program. Click for the report.

Active Parenting Now

Also see research for earlier editions of this program: Active Parenting Today and Active Parenting Discussion Group.

Active Parenting Today

Also see research for editions of this program: Active Parenting Now and Active Parenting Discussion Group.

Active Parenting Discussion Program

Also see research for editions of this program: Active Parenting Today and Active Parenting Now.

Active Parenting of Teens / Paternidad Activa de Adolescentes

Cooperative Parenting and Divorce

Active Parenting of Teens: Families in Action

Research on Families in Action has been published in two academic journals:

  • Implementation and Impact of a Family-Based Substance Abuse Prevention Program in Rural Communities – The Journal of Primary Prevention
  • Evaluation of a Family-Based Substance Abuse Prevention Program Targeted for the Middle School Years – The Journal of Drug Education

NREPP: SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices

This program was included in SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP) as a legacy program. Click for details.

Listed in the OJJDP’s Model Programs Guide (MPG)

Families in Action is listed in the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s Model Programs Guide (MPG). Click here for details (the easiest way to find it is to click on “Alphabetical List”).

Listed in CrimeSolutions.gov

The Office of Justice Programs’ CrimeSolutions.gov uses rigorous research to determine what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services. Active Parenting of Teens: Families in Action is listed. Click here for details.

Listed in CEBC

Listed in California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare (CEBC)

Quality Assurance Protocol available for your program

The Quality Assurance Protocol is a 40-page document containing the same instructions and handouts used when doing research on the Families in Action program. If you need to do research, or to run your program in strict compliance with the protocol, this packet is for you. Click here to download.

Free the Horses

Parents on Board